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Isokinetic Medical Group
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Milan, City Centre
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Knee Conditions and Injuries
Knee Injuries and Pathologies
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) lesion
The anterior cruciate ligament is a made up of two bands of fibres lying centrally within the knee joint passing from the front (anterior) to the back (posterior) of the knee.
Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) lesion
The posterior cruciate ligament is considerably thicker and stronger than the ACL and is also made up of two bundles of fibres.
Rupture of the patella tendon and quadriceps
This is an extremely severe sports injury, typically affecting younger athletes and those with degenerative tendinitis.
Patellar tendinopathy or 'Jumper's Knee'
Patellar tendinopathy is a very common injury in those who play sports using frequent explosive movements, like basketball and athletics, typically caused by overloading, or continued microtraumas.
Medial / lateral collateral ligament (MCL / LCL) lesions
Medial collateral ligament injuries (MCL) are the commonest ligament injuries around the knee.
Meniscal lesions cover a wide range of knee injuries, and can cause different types of knee pain based on how they came about.
This condition typically results in pain being felt in the back of the knee and can lead to patellar dislocation in serious cases.
This refers to a chronic inflammation that affects the ilio-tibial section of the fascia lata originating from persistent mechanical friction.
Tibial plateau fracture
These injuries are also commonly seen in sports, especially skiing.
Dislocated patella is a very common knee injury, either linked to a sporting injury, or as part of a congenital pre-disposition.
Sprains to the knee account for a large proportion of knee injuries, especially prevalent in players of football, basketball, skiing and volleyball, as well as those injured in traffic accidents, where twisted knees are common.
Most commonly seen in adolescent males who have grown rapidly, this condition causes abnormal overloading on cartilage, causing repeated microtraumas.
Knee arthritis is a quite common disease and from the pathological point of view is not just the degeneration of cartilage but of all the joint and periarticular environment.
Following this kind of knee injury, pain, swelling and limitations to movement in the knee are immediately apparent.
The occurrence of cartilaginous problems is common due to wear caused by the repetition of certain movements, or following a trauma to the area.